alexa
ISSN: 2167-0412
Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Chemical Goldmines

R.C. Padalia*
CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CI2167-0412), Research Center, Pantnagar- 263149, Uttarakhand, India
Corresponding Author : Dr. Dr. R.C. Padalia
Scientist, Department of Aromatic Plant Chemistry
CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CI2167-0412)
Research Center, Pantnagar- 263149, Uttarakhand, India
Tel: +91-5944-234445
Fax: +91-5944-234712
E-mail: padaliarc@rediffmail.com
Received January 20, 2012; Accepted January 20, 2012; Published January 25, 2012
Citation:Padalia RC (2012) Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Chemical Goldmines. Medicinal Aromatic Plants 1:e113. doi:10.4172/2167-0412.1000e113
Copyright: © 2012 Padalia RC. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Medicinal and aromatic plants are an important source of raw materials for traditional as well as modern medicines. Medicinal and Aromatic plants synthesise variety of secondary metabolites with remarkable structural diversity, which have been subsequently exploited by humans for their beneficial role in a diverse array of applications. Secondary metabolites are classified as: alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, phenolic compounds, volatile oils, terpenoids, saponins, steroids, resins and bitter principles. Many of these secondary metabolites (mixture, true isolates and chemically modified derivates/analogues) of plants are commercially important and find use in fragrance, flavouring and pharmaceutical formulations worldwide. Phytochemical exploration of prodigious number of plant species carried out in past led to the isolation of many drugs/ potential drug intermediates of high therapeutic value. Because of the broad structural diversity in secondary metabolites and their wide ranges of pharmacological activities; medicinal and aromatic plants still considered as valuable sources of novel compounds having potential for the development of new pharmaceuticals; and therefore are known as the ‘Chemical Goldmines’ of novel products and applications [1,2]. Recent developments in the separation/ extraction of the active constituents form these `chemical goldmines’ offer huge opportunities for their industrial utilization as valuable sources for new molecules for perfumery, flavour and drug development. Due to worldwide consumer-driven trends towards herbals, essential oils and related products the demands and price of these products rising consistently in national and international market [3,4]. For making full use of these natural chemical goldmines it is necessary to develop agrotechnology, post harvest technology, processing & manufacturing technology, along with highlighting other issues related to patenting, marketing and extension of these plants. The content of active secondary metabolites in 2167-0412s shown to be depend considerably on several extrinsic and intrinsic factors, including soil and climatic conditions, plant ontogenesis phases, season of harvest and storing conditions [5]. Because of these multiple factors the concentration and consequently the therapeutic effect and industrial use of active ingredients in the final herbal product varies; therefore the standardization of plant drugs, in term of active molecules, is crucial and requisite for quality, reproducible therapeutic efficacy and for safe use of these plants. To improve the safety and consistency of these chemical goldmines, additional focus is required to define the pharmacology, stability, and bioavailability of these products for further use [6]. Research to study the biochemical pathways and associated enzymes, biosynthesis of the constituents of desired interest, mode of action at target sites, potential toxicity of constituents used in drug development, principle of synergy among the active constituents and improved production of secondary metabolites in bioreactors under controlled conditions present exciting frontiers for future research. Conservation of diversity, genetic improvement and biotechnological studies on 2167-0412s are also of considerable significance [1-4, 7,8]. The potential of lesser known/ under explored medicinal and aromatic plants needs further research, so that these natural chemical goldmines can be explored and better utilised in future.
References
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 11341
  • [From(publication date):
    March-2012 - Dec 04, 2016]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 7603
  • PDF downloads :3738
 
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
 
 
OMICS International Conferences 2016-17
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings
 
 

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2016 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version