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ISSN: 2168-9792
Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering
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Salivary Proteome During Simulated Mars Analog Missions: Aeronautical (Space) Dentistry

Balwant Rai1,2*
1Associate Professor, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Kepler Space Institute, USA
2President, JBR Society, India
*Corresponding Author : Balwant Rai
Associate Professor, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences
Kepler Space Institute, USA
Tel: +91-9812185855
E-mail: raibalwant29@rediffmail.com
Received September 01, 2014; Accepted September 02, 2014; Published September 08, 2014
Citation: Rai B (2014) Salivary Proteome During Simulated Mars Analog Missions: Aeronautical (Space) Dentistry. J Aeronaut Aerospace Eng 3:e124. doi: 10.4172/2168-9792.1000e124
Copyright: © 2014 Rai B. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Saliva based technologies are the future of devices for health monitoring of human beings in space and earth: Balwant Rai A few months ago, India launched its very first spacecraft on an unmanned mission to Mars. Other space agencies including NASA, ESA, and others will probably turn their focus to manned missions to Mars. During such extended space travel, the body is prone to a number of adverse effects, including modifications in the oral cavity. Various studies have been carried out on the effects of simulated microgravity and Mission analog missions on the oral cavity, but this issue needs to be extended to explore and make specific guidelines for oral dental management during space missions.
In this study, salivary samples were collected using Versi•SAL® (Oasis, Vancouver, USA) and the salivary proteome was analyzed during a Mars analog mission. Results confirmed that amylase, parotid secretory protein and proline rich protein were decreased while parotid protein, IL-6 and IL-8 were increased during the mission compared to levels of the same protein markers before the mission. It is clear that salivary proteome levels changed during this mission, which is something that could also be evaluated during actual space missions. This study was performed to obtain data that can be used to develop future non-invasive health monitoring technologies for Marsonauts and astronauts with applicability in general clinical applications on Earth too.
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