ISSN: 2167-1168
Journal of Nursing & Care
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Support as a Concept and with a Focus on Childbearing

Stina Thorstensson1 and Anette Ekström2*
1School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden
2Associate professor and An Editorial Board member for Journal of Nursing and Care, School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden
Corresponding Author : Anette Ekström
Associate professor, School of Life Sciences
University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden
Received May 23, 2012; Accepted May 25, 2012; Published May 27, 2012
Citation: Thorstensson S, Ekström A (2012) Support as a Concept and with a Focus on Childbearing. J Nurs Care 1:e109. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000e109
Copyright: © 2012 Thorstensson S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Nursing & Care

Support is an important but complex concept of caring that often is studied but not always defined. For researchers as well as professionals it could be important to gain a deeper understanding for the concept. Support has been described as an interactive process that affects wellbeing and health of the individual. Support is linked to the attachment process and social roles [1]. Attachment will affect both the individual ability to interact with other people but also the individual ability to trust other people [2]. Both the ability to provide (i.e. provider) and the ability to receive (i.e. recipient) support are affected by the persons’ age, experience and the social environment [1,3]. The offered support can be emotional, appraisal, informative or practical described as follows; Emotional support promotes a sense of safety and belonging. Appraisal support promotes reassurance of ability and competence. Informative support is offering information to help solving the actual problem and practical support is practical help in solving the actual problem. Support that is perceived as positive by the recipient is more likely to have a positive impact and the emotional part of support is described as most important for support to be experienced as positive. The environment where the support is offered will affect the quality and perception of support [3].
Non-judgemental attitudes are described as important aspects of support. In order to offer adequate support it is not only necessary to consider if support is needed but also what kind of support and when this support is needed [4]. The provider might have difficulty with interpreting what support needs the recipient has [5] but the provider may also be unwilling to provide the support which is required. The provider might hesitate because of fear of doing wrong or inflicting harm [6] or stress might cause the provider to cease offering support [7]. Support can be offered from the individuals own network or lay persons (social support) as well as professionals (professional support) [3].
For researcher as well as professionals it is important to differentiate between social and professional support [8] and care interventions with professional support should aim to strengthen social support [9]. Social support is offered within the social net-work and requires reciprocity and relationships, while professional support does not require reciprocity in the same way and is directly available from professionals in the society. Professional support is also limited by the professional domain and professional knowledge [9] for example childbearing and midwives.
Professional support can be empowering. Empowerment can be considered both a process and an outcome [10]. As a process empowerment will strengthen individuals and it is an important aspect of supportive midwifery or nursing care [11]. This empowering process can be described as a partnership where professionals has power with the individual instead of professionals having power over the individual [12]. When professionals as midwives and nurses act empowering they can have a significant impact on the lives and health of many individuals and families [11].
To act empowering professionals need to consider the possible distinction between to “care for” and to “act supportive” as these verbs are etymologically different. To act supportive could etymologically be understood as the provider having “trust in the capacity” of the recipient expecting that the recipient will “take charge”. Suggesting that the provider mainly provide means for the recipient that will enable or strengthen the recipient to cope with the situation, empowering the recipient. While to “care for” could etymologically be understood as the provider expecting to “be responsible for” and the recipient to be “taken care of ” [13]. Having trust in the recipient will promote strength i.e. be empowering [11] while to “care for” may inflict a sense of knowing what is best for the individual mainly from the health professionals point of view [10].
Nurses and midwives offer professional informational support as an important part of their work [3]. However, first time mothers want more focus on emotional support than informational support, from health professionals, during the childbearing period [14,15]. The health professionals personal attitudes influence the quality of support they offer [16,17]. Attitudes are based on feelings to and a varying degree of knowledge about a specific phenomenon [18]. In order to change attitudes a professional training with a combination of evidence based lectures and reflection are of importance [19,20]. In a process-oriented training program (including evidence based lectures and reflection), health professionals attitudes to support during childbearing changed in a positive way. Healthcare professionals increased their scores in facilitating behaviour and reported a decrease in their regulating behaviour [21]. In addition as a result of the training program for midwives and the postnatal nurses, mothers were more satisfied with both the emotional and informative support during the first nine months postpartum [17] as well as a perceived stronger relation and feeling for the baby, a better preparation for the baby’s needs, parenthood and breastfeeding [17,22,23].
Health professional support, aims to be empowering, facilitating and a positive development for the individuals’ ability to cope with challenging or stress-full situation in life, such as childbearing. In order to empower individuals it is essential that professionals support is sensitive for the individuals unique needs in the specific situation [3,24].
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Share This Article
Relevant Topics
Disc A Healthcare Advertising
Disc Adult Protective Care Unit
Disc Advances in health care
Disc Aftercare
Disc Ambulatory Care
Disc Bloodless Medical and Surgical Procedures
Disc Breast Cancer
Disc Cervical Cancer
Disc Chronic Disease
Disc Clinical Practice
Disc Community Based Nursing
Disc Community Health
Disc Community Health Nursing
Disc Community Health Nursing Care
Disc Community Nursing
Disc Community Nursing Care
Disc Community Nursing Diagnosis
Disc Community Nursing Intervention
Disc Core Functions Of Public Health Nursing
Disc Correctional Nursing
Disc Critical Care Nursing
Disc Critical Nursing Care
Disc Cross-Sectional Study
Disc Custodial Care
Disc Day Care
Disc Diarrhea in Pregnancy
Disc Emergency Nursing
Disc Emergency and Acute Care Setting
Disc Endometreosis in Pregnancy
Disc Ethical issues in Health care
Disc Family Medicine
Disc Family Nursing
Disc Forensic Mental Health Nursing
Disc Forensic Mental Illness
Disc Forensic Mental disorder
Disc Forensic Nursing
Disc Forensic Nursing Care
Disc Forensic Nursing Clinical Practice
Disc Forensic Nursing Science
Disc Forensic and Victimology
Disc Foster Home Care
Disc Future of health care
Disc General Practice
Disc Generic Medicines
Disc Geriatric Nursing
Disc HIV and Pregnancy
Disc Health Care
Disc Health Care Systems
Disc Health Informatics
Disc Health Insurances like
Disc Health Policy
Disc Health Services
Disc Health administration
Disc Health care communications
Disc Health care databases
Disc Health care economics
Disc Health care equipment
Disc Health care finance
Disc Health care innovation
Disc Health care insurance
Disc Health care insurance business
Disc Health care legislation
Disc Health care market analysis
Disc Health care products and market analysis
Disc Health care software’s
Disc Health care statistics
Disc Healthcare Delivery System
Disc Healthcare Environment
Disc Healthcare Organizations and Systems
Disc High Risk Pregnancy
Disc History Of Public Health Nursing
Disc Impact Factor
Disc Interpersonal Violence
Disc Intimate Partner Violence
Disc Long Term Care
Disc Medical Practice
Disc Medical Services
Disc Medical Statistics
Disc Mental Health Nursing
Disc Mid-Wife Practice
Disc Midwifery
Disc Mother Health
Disc Nausea Pregnancy
Disc Nurse Practitioner
Disc Nurse Practitioner Updates
Disc Nurse Practitioners
Disc Nursing Care
Disc Nursing Education
Disc Nursing Ethics
Disc Nursing Public Health
Disc Nursing Science
Disc Nursing Standards
Disc Nursing Theories
Disc Nursing diagnosis
Disc Nursing process
Disc Nursing workload
Disc Obstetric Nursing
Disc Oncology Nursing
Disc Operating room nursing care
Disc Orthopedic Nursing
Disc Ovarian Cancer
Disc Palliative Nursing Care
Disc Patient Care
Disc Pediatric Nursing Care
Disc Perinatal Care
Disc Perioperative Care
Disc Perioperative Nursing
Disc Perioperative nurses
Disc Post Exposure Prophylaxis
Disc Postoperative care
Disc Preclampsia in Pregnancy
Disc Pregnancy Care
Disc Pregnancy Constipation
Disc Pregnancy Fitness
Disc Pregnancy Nutrition
Disc Preventive Medicine
Disc Primary Care Sports Medicines
Disc Primary Care internal Medicine
Disc Primary Health Care
Disc Psychiatric Nursing
Disc Psychosocial Intervention
Disc Public Health Nursing
Disc Risk Factors
Disc Risk Factors And Burnout And Public Health Nursing
Disc Risk Factors and Burnout and Public Health Nursing
Disc Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Disc Smoking in Pregnancy
Disc Social Service
Disc Standards of care
Disc Stress in Pregnancy
Disc Subacute Care
Disc Terminal Care
Disc Termination of Pregnancy
Disc Trauma Nursing
Disc Travel Nursing
Disc Ultrasound Pregnancy
Disc Uterine Cancer
Disc Veterinary Nurse
Disc Woman Cancer
Disc Woman Diabetes
Disc Woman Disorders
Disc Woman Hormones
Disc Woman Mental Health
Disc Woman Psychology
Disc Women's Fitness
Disc Women's Health
Recommended Journals
Disc Global Nursing Journal
Disc Nursing Practice Journal
Disc Intensive Care Journal
Disc Public Health Nursing Journal
Disc Nursing & Health Science Journal
Disc Patient Care Journal
Disc Pregnancy Journal
Disc Health Care Journal
Disc Primary Health Care Journal
Disc Women Care Journal
  View More»
Recommended Conferences
Disc 5th International Conference on Pediatric Nursing and Healthcare
July 11-12, 2016 Cologne, Germany
Disc 4th Asia-Pacific Healthcare Conference  
July 18-20, 2016 Brisbane, Australia
Disc  Neurorehabilitation Conference
July 21-22, 2016 Brisbane, Australia
Disc 2nd Annual Congress and Medical Expo on Primary Care
September 19-21, 2016 Phoenix, USA
Disc Oncology Nursing Congress
Sept 19-21, 2016 Las Vegas, USA
Disc International Psychiatric Mental Health
October 03-05, 2016 London, UK
Disc  2nd World Congress on Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
October 05-07, 2016 Orlando, USA
Disc International conference and Exhibition on Medical-Surgical Nursing
October 10-12, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

9th Euro Nursing & Medicare Summit
October 17-19,2016 Rome, Italy

Disc Intensive and Critical Care Nursing Conference  
November 21-23, 2016 Dubai, UAE
Disc 10th International Conference on Nursing & Healthcare
December 05-07, 2016 Dallas, USA
Article Tools
Disc Export citation
Disc Share/Blog this article
Article usage
  Total views: 3732
  [From(publication date):
August-2012 - Jun 27, 2016]
  Breakdown by view type
  HTML page views : 3
  PDF downloads :3729

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

OMICS International Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
OMICS International Conferences 2016-17
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2016 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version