Gonadotropins belong to one of the group of protein hormones considered as important in human reproduction. Gonadotropins are created by tissues known as gonadotropes in the pituitary gland. The two major kinds of Gonadotropins are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Human chorionic Gonadotropins (HCG) is a third type that is created during pregnancy time. These hormones are very significant part of the reproduction procedure. Gonadotropins are often used as a treatment for sterility in both males and females.
A follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) tests the actions, the quantity of FSH in a blood sample. FSH is developed by the anterior pituitary glandular.
- In women, FSH allows management of the period and the development of egg by the ovaries. The quantity of FSH differs throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle and is maximum just before she produces an egg (ovulates).
- In men, FSH helps control the development of sperm cell. The quantity of FSH in men normally continues to be same.
The amounts of FSH and other testosterone are calculated in both male and female to find out why the couple can’t become pregnant (infertility). The FSH level can help find out whether male or female sex organs (testicles or ovaries) are working properly.
Luteinizing hormone (LH):
A luteinizing hormone tests the amount of luteinizing hormone (LH) in a sample of blood. LH is produced by the anterior pituitary gland.
- In women, LH helps control the menstrual cycle and egg development (ovulation). The level of LH in a female body differs with the stage of the menstrual cycle. It improves quickly just before ovulation happens, about halfway through the cycle which is called as LH surge. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels go up and down together during the menstrual cycle.
- In men, LH promotes production of testosterone, which results in sperm cell development.