|Contents of Universe; Geographical maps; Lokākāŝapictographs;
Gross and Protean bodies; States and phases of non-living
matter; Statistical collective representation; Types of livingbeings
|Level of Our Knowledge
|Geography of earth
|Our spherical earth is a planet, circling around the Sun (Figure 1).
It has horizontal islands of Eurasia etc., and vertical islands of Africa
and Americas from north to south .
|The coastal areas of continents are unsymmetrical and zigzag
Figure1 in shape. At places land-mass protrudes into water-mass or
water-mass protrudes into land-mass. One rotation of earth on its axis
takes 24 hours. The diameter of earth is about 13,000 km. Three fourth
area of its surface is covered by oceans like Pacific, Atlantic and Indian
|The earth, mars etc. are the 9 planets of our Sun. Our Sun is located
at the outer fringes of the half arm of our galaxy named as Lokākāŝa
(Figure 2). There are more than 1000 billion such stars, as Sun, found
in our galaxy [2,3]. Our Galaxy consists of a flat sub-system, called
Disk and the spherical sub-system, within which the disk is located.
The disk contains interstellar gas, cosmic dust and stars. The spherical
sub-system does not contain any gas and dust, but only stars or clusters
of stars. The stars of the disk revolve around its center at much faster speed than the stars of the spherical sub-system Most of the stars of the
disk are binaries.
|Galaxy’s nucleus is a source of intense radio, infra, X-rays &
gamma-rays emissions. The mass of the galaxy is equal to about 1000
billion Suns (2×1044 g). The Galaxy is surrounded by an external
Corona, stretching dozens of times farther from the center than the
disk and spherical sub-system. The total mass of the Corona is several
times that of all the galaxy’s stars put together. But because of large
dimensions, the corona’s density is much smaller than that created
by stars and gas dust clouds. It does not emit any light and there are
neither stars nor clouds in it. It makes itself felt by its gravitation.
|In this Universe (Lokākāŝa) there are more than 100 billion
galaxies. The life of the universe is estimated at 13.4 billion light years.
As per one theory, the universe is not in a dynamic steady state, but is
expanding at a great acceleration. Scientists also claim that the visible mass of our universe is merely 4% of the Universe. We have almost
72% in-visible dark energy and 23% invisible mass . So how do we
comprehend and represent this colossal universe?
|An Overview of Ancient Lokākāŝa (Schematic
Arrangement of the Universe)
|In ancient Indian scriptures, the Universe is described in great
detail by the Riŝis, which has later been depicted through the maps
also, known as Lokākāŝa map (Figure 3). Its Upper part, called Urdhva
Loka has a height of 7 Rajjus* (Rajju is a unit of length). It consists of
8 types of heavens (Deva Loka) and Siddha ŝīlā [5,6]. The Lower Loka
consists of 7 types of Hell (Narka land). The Middle Loka (Figure 4) is
arranged around the mountain Meru. Its innermost circular land mass
, termed as Jambudwīpa, is surrounded by a circular ring of watermass,
called LavańaSamudra. Such innumerable pairs of land-water
masses go on forming the Middle Loka.
|The first 2.5 land masses, called adhāidwīpas provide habitation
for human-beings. Beyond these dwīpas, mankind cannot trespass and survive. Our earth is supposed to be a part of Jambu-dwīpa. It is located
in the south and is termed as Bharat Kŝetra, adjoining Lavańa Samudra.
Another interesting Kŝetra, called Mahāvideha Kŝetra is located from
east to west, in the central part of Jambu-dwīpa.
|A normal question arises, as to why we are not able to locate them,
even with our latest gadgets?
|At present, we are not at all in a comfortable position to co-relate
the map of Geography and cosmology with that of ancient Lokākāŝa.
One should ponder critically at one point that this problem of mismatch
was non-existent during the period of Mahaveera, although both of
these maps were in vogue at that time.
|One of the reasons could be that we have probably forgotten the
exact method to read such map of Lokākāŝa over the long period of
2500 years. Let us try to re-search it for its proper interpretation, so
that its hidden treasure could be deciphered. First, consider the total
available contents of the Universe, in terms of living and non-living
|Possible Total Contents of the Universe
|The contents of the universe are of two types, called sentient and
non- sentient matter. They are found in following categories, states and
|Different states of non-living matter and its possible phases
|As per modern experimental data, matter can have 7 different
states viz. Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma, Einstein-Bose, Derek-Fermion
condensates and Sphatik (transparent) state. The last 3 states have so
far been created in Labs only.
|The first two states of matter are normally available on the surface
of the planets in gross forms of Plains, Mountains, Rivers and Oceans.
|They may or may not be surrounded by layers of 3rd or higher states
|Phases of solid matter
|On increasing pressure and Temperature, matter can also change
its phases, i.e. can transform itself from solid to liquid phase. If the
pressure on a compressed matter continues to increase, its temperature
would also go on increasing. For example, if we go farther below the
crust of our earth (Figure 5), the solid material would first liquefy and
as the depth increases, it would cross its sub critical, critical conditions
and would finally reach super critical conditions. Accordingly, the
internal structure of earth can be classified in 7 categories.
|1. Warm solid
|2. Hot paste
|3. Hot molten liquid
|4. Super-hot molten mass
|5. Cold paste/solid
|6. Colder solid
|7. Coldest dense solid
|States of living-beings
|Organic living-beings, called Gross bodies (Audarika Body1),
(Mobile and immobile ones, having 1 to 5 senses). It includes human,
animal and plant kingdom.
|Non-organic living-beings (also possess Gross bodies, like water
etc.). They are immobile and single sensed
|Protean bodied (Vaikriya body2) living-beings, called Infernal
beings. (5 sensed)
|Highly energetic Protean bodied living-beings, called denizens of
Heaven. (5 sensed).
|Methods to Present Data or To Construct a
|a) The best way to present such huge statistical data of the Universe
is through statistical Pictographs and Charts, like pie-charts, Bar-carts
|Example: One can statistically represent human population density
distribution on the earth in a chart form like the Pie chart (Figure 6),
or Quantity of different states of matter available in the Universe in Bar
chart (Figure 7) or Bank advances under different heads in Ring-charts
|Thus the non-living and the living matter and its distribution
in the Universe can be mathematically arranged systematically and represented symmetrically, as collective aggregates, for easy
understanding for a layman, in form of Bars (lower and upper loka)
and Rings (middle loka).
|b) Before we try to re-look and rethink about these two types of
maps, let us do one exercise.
|Suppose we are asked to show distribution of earth population
density, in steps like, 1-100, 100-1000, 1001-10000 persons/sq. km etc.
All these types of similar density areas are clubbed together and then
represented by a chart called pie-chart (Figure 6). The representation
of the statistical data, at a glance, by a pictogram, like pie, bar or ringchart,
is a standard mathematical method. Such charts have some
special features, which must be kept in mind, while using them.
|Relationship between Living-Beings and Non-Living
|A broad basis of arrangement of contents of the universe could be
the following criteria:
|As per type of substances
|Categorizing all the materials as per their type and clubbing them
together category-wise. These are then shown in form of statistical
|As per type of living-beings
|Generally, one particular type or a group of 2-3 types of matter
support a particular type of living-being. If two different types of
living-beings are supported on the same type of matter, then they are
segregated and depicted separately as per the type of Living-Beings.
|It is found that all the human beings can be arranged in a relatively
small area of two and a half Islands (dwīpas) only.
|It is obvious that such mammoth data can be made available only
by super human-beings. They are called Riŝis. Similarly, this extraordinary
data about such a huge universe could not have been presented
in understandable form by an ordinary human-being, some 3 thousand
years ago. I seems that only a super human-being could have generated
such a huge database and thought of using special statistical charts to
exhibit the living and non-living contents of the universe in simple and
plausible manner for ordinary lay man.
|Actual Arrangement of All the Known Contents-
Animate and Inanimate With Respect To Their States,
In a Fine Tuned Style in Lokakasa Map (A Pictograph)
|All the matter, including subliminal (Protean) substance and all
the living-beings have been clubbed together, categorized and then
presented in the form of statistical charts.
|Non-living matter (pudgaladravya)
|If all the non-living matter of every phase available in the universe
(Loka including 2½ dwīpas) is clubbed together and is arranged in the
|First 3 phases: Land and Water (with gas) in form of rings of land
and water mass. It forms the Middle Loka.
|The 7 phases of first 2 types of substances, as found inside the earth,
have been depicted in form of Bar/strips -charts. They are called Lower
Loka in the pictograph.
|The last 3 phases (as created in labs), in form of bars and strips,
would form the Upper-Loka of the pictograph.
|After obtaining the shape of universe by stacking one phase of
matter over the other, we look into the arrangement of its living-beings.
|The various types of Living-beings are supported by different but
specific types of physical substances. For example, the bodies of humanbeings
or animal kingdom cannot be supported by the substances of
lower and upper loka.
|Lower loka has very special levels of temperature and pressure
working on the first 2 types of substances.
|All the data about the gross-bodied living-beings has been
beautifully arranged in form of Ring-charts, one ring engulfing the
other one in the middle Loka. As pairs of Land (continents) and
water mass (Oceans), the contents of the whole middle loka have been
arranged with the following discipline (rules):
|Each state of matter supports, in a befitting manner, a particular
type of Body (Kāyā) of living-being, so that each type of mobile livingbeing
can also be clubbed together for that state of matter.
|In terms of Space, the Rings of alternate land-water mass depict
areas in such a manner that the area of a ring doubles itself from its
preceding ring area. The total area of middle loka is equal to that of a
circular disc of 1 Rajju (R) diameter. (Rajju is an ancient unit of length).
|In middle loka, the first 3 states of matter, have been arranged,
which have got suitability/capability to support Living-beings having
gross bodies “(Audarika-Life”).
|The protean form of life
|The matter of Upper and Lower Loka supports mobile creatures of
specific type of protean substance (Vaikriya Pudgalas). Living-Bodies
of high energy (ŝubh) VaikriyaPudgalas are arranged in Upper Loka
and those ofpoor quality Vaikriya Pudgalas are arranged in Lower
Loka. The total areas of every specific phase of matter, occupied by
such different creatures, are identified, measured and displayed in
the above mentioned Bar-Charts. As for example, 5th phase of matter
may support only Vaikriya bodies, i.e, bodies of a particular type of
Denizens (celestial-beings). Accordingly, it is shown as a strip in the
|The plasma-phase of matter and the plasma supported livingbeings
are arranged in the Luminal (Jyotishka) kingdom, placed just
above the middle loka, but below the upper loka, as its part only. It
consists of luminal living beings. The protean-bodied living-beings,
residing in eternally available plasma bodied vehicles, are distinctively
different from other types of living-beings. The plasma vehicles are also
different from the shining planets or satellites.
|Deductions and Inferences from the Statistical Map
|Once the classification, categorization and arrangement of various
types of living and non-living contents and its different phases, states
and interdependence with respect to Time have been understood and
grasped properly, it would become easier to interpret and explain the
pictograph, called Lokākāŝa Map.
|While reading the statistical chart of the universe, following
conditions should be kept in mind
|Any bar or ring is a symbolic representation of the similar states or
types of living or non-living matter. Individually it might be scattered
throughout the length and depth of the universe. It is clubbed together
and its sum total is represented as a Bar or Ring on a certain scale.
|The mutual distances of various objects vanish in such charts,
because they are all clubbed together.
|As per science also, different types and phases of living and
non-living matter, are scattered all over this vast Universe. It would
be impossible to show and understand their locations through any
prevalent geographical maps. The Riŝis have, by use of these decorative
looking pictographs, made us understand the contents of this vast
Universe in a simple and quantitative language. This symmetrical showpiece
gives, at a glance, important information about the distribution
of all the living and non-living matter of the Universe. It takes us far
beyond the present level of our knowledge and explains many hitherto
unknown features in a plausible manner.
|Some of the Important Inferences and Discussion
|Human civilizations, similar to ours, exist on several planets in the
vast expanse of the Universe. Some of the extra-terrestrial civilizations
are spiritually more advanced than ours. The human habitats, shown
on the central dwīpa, called the Jambudwīpa, may be located (i.e. made
up of planets) in our Galaxy only.
|Sub-human life form exists on innumerable planets in the universe.
|Protean form of life (Denizens) may be a reality. Its low-energy
version should be available deep inside the cosmological objects,
including our planet earth. Its highly developed version of life form
should exist, around all the luminous as well as the non-luminous
objects of the universe, wherever its supporting matter exists.
|This statistical chart of the universe gives data about the total
size, area and volume, as occupied by the different types of living
and non-living matter. It should not be confused with the traditional
Geographical and astrological map, as was being done till now.
|It enables us to take the modern scientists in a realm beyond the
present day knowledge and explain its unknown features in a plausible
|Some of the important revelations are as follows:-
|The Living-beings are of 4 categories. Out of it, 2 types have bodies
made up of protean matter. The Protean-bodied form of life (Denizens)
is of 2 types. Contact with them is possible, only if we can investigate
and understand the properties of this special material.
|It also suggests the existence of some other forms of physical bodies
of living-beings. Recent research on water has, at least, proved the
existence of inorganic form of life .
|1Gross Body: It consists of gross material aggregates belonging to the
audarikavargana (a group of material aggregates, which can be perceived through
sense organs). In the mobile organisms, the constituent matter is in the form of
flesh, bones, blood, skin etc. In the immobile beings, such as earth, water etc.; it is
made of the inorganic and organic stuff.
|2Protean Body: It consists of subtle material aggregates (may, at times, remain
invisible), which can be made to undergo changes in its form at will. It can vanish
like Camphor and join itself together back like drops of Mercury. This type of flexible
body can be obtained by birth or through special techniques.
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