ISSN: 2376-0214

Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development
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Editorial Board

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Editor-in-Chief
Narayan Ramappa Birasal
Karnatak University Dharwad
India

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Robert E Baier
Suny Buffalo Schools of Medicine and Engineering
USA

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Yahya Al Rayyes
Healthway Home Products
USA

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About the Journal

Journal of Biodiversity, Bio-prospecting and Development is an open access and peer reviewed journal which accepts research from wide areas in this field. The main focus of this journal is to maintain safe and potent biological system that preserves biodiversity. Biodiversity refers to the degree of variation in the biological, zoological and ecological aspects. The journal provides a bird’s eye view on how industrial advancement can be achieved by adopting trends, techniques, Quality Assurance, facility design and regulatory affairs by safeguarding the ecological balance.

This scholarly publishing is using Editorial Manager System for the quality in the review process. Editorial Manager is an online manuscript submission, review and managing system. Review process is performed by the editorial board members of IJBBD current research or other experts; at least two independent reviewer’s approval followed by the editor’s approval is required for the acceptance of any citable manuscript. Authors can submit manuscripts and track the article status through this system.

Bioprospecting

Bioprospecting is the development of traditional medicines as commercial products. Pharmaceutical companies from the developed world often look for chemically active ingredients in traditional remedies, which they can develop into commercial pharmaceutical products. This is fiercely criticised as ‘biopiracy’ by those who believe it exploits indigenous knowledge. They point to the fact that companies may attempt to take out on a medicine derived from a traditional cure without recognising the original users. Others argue the huge investment in research and development by pharmaceutical companies gives them this right. Recent cases have seen agreements between traditional users of a medicine and pharmaceutical companies.

Related Journals Bioprospecting
Biodiversity & Endangered Species, Oceanography, Earth Science & Climatic Change, Biodiversity Management & Forestry, Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, Chemistry and Biodiversity, Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, Marine Biodiversity, Systematics and Biodiversity, International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Earth Science & Climatic Change, Ecosystems Services and Management, Biodiversity, NIWA Biodiversity Memoirs, Global Biodiversity.

Wildlife and Pesticides

Pesticides are substances used to kill or control pests. Pesticides are usually not entirely specific in their action and can affect plants and animals they are not intended to harm.Insecticides are more toxic to wildlife than herbicides or fungicides. Wildlife can be exposed to pesticides directly, by eating contaminated food or water, breathing pesticide spray or absorbing pesticides through their skin. Predators such as hawks and owls can become poisoned by eating other animals that have been exposed to pesticides. Because many insecticides affect the nervous systems of wildlife, exposure to a particular insecticide can affect animals indirectly by interfering with their ability to survive or reproduce.

Related Journals Wildlife and Pesticides
Pollution Effects & Control, Biosafety, Coastal Zone Management, International Zoo Yearbook, Ecosystem & Ecography, Journal of Eastern African Studies, Society & Natural Resources, Development Southern Africa, Journal of The Acoustical Society of America, Biodiversity and Conservation, Wildlife Society Bulletin, Environmental Conservation, Environmental Science & Policy.

Biodiversity Conservation

Biodiversity is the incredible, dizzying variety of life that surrounds us, including all of the earth’s plants, animals, their habitats and the natural processes that they are a part of. It has become clear that biodiversity is the cornerstone of our existence on Earth. It is also important to conserve biodiversity for the sake of our own curiosity and aesthetic appreciation. Mountains are spectacular with splendid variety of wildlife and wildflowers. The world is full of biodiversity wonders, many of which are unique. Medicines originating from wild species including penicillin, aspirin, taxol and quinine have saved millions of lives and alleviated tremendous suffering.

Related Journals Biodiversity conservation
Coastal Zone Management, Biodiversity Management & Forestry, Expert Opinion On Environmental Biology, Geography & Natural Disasters, Bioscience, Conservation Biology, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, PLOS Biology, Society & Natural Resources, Forest Ecology and Management, Global Environmental Change, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Frontiers in Ecology and The Environment, Integrative and Comparative Biology.

Biopiracy

Biopiracy is the theft or usurpation of genetic materials especially plants and other biological materials by the patent process. To generalise corporations of the western world have since the past two decades or so been reaping immense profits by patenting the knowledge and genetic resources of Third World communities which also form biodiversity hotspots. Very often, the knowledge, processes and resources that are patented are widely known within a community. Once patented, the patent owner can effectively prevent competitors from producing the product, occasionally even interfering with the lifestyles of the community which is the original source of the patented information anyway.

Related Journals Biopiracy
Remote Sensing & GIS, Geology & Geophysics, Hydrology: Current Research, International Journal of Waste Resources, Nature Biotechnology, The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Developing World Bioethics, Journal of Science and Healing, Capitalism Nature Socialism, Journal of Ethnobiology, Himalayan Journal of Sciences, Nature Medicine, Environment and Planning, European Review of Agricultural Economics.

Marine Bioprospecting

Marine bioprospecting may be defined as the search for bioactive molecules and compounds from marine sources having new, unique properties and the potential for commercial applications. Amongst others, applications include medicines, food and feed, textiles, cosmetics and the process industry. The Barents Sea, where temperate waters from the Gulf Stream and cold waters from the Arctic meet, is home to an enormous diversity of organisms, which are well adapted to the extreme conditions of their marine habitats. This makes these arctic species very attractive for marine bioprospecting.

Related Journals Marine Bioprospecting
Marine Biology & Oceanography, Oil & Gas Research, Plant Physiology & Pathology, Ecosystem & Ecography, Marine Biology & Oceanography, European Journal of Organic Chemistry, New Biotechnology, Journal of Biotechnology, Biodiversity and Conservation, Marine Biotechnology.

Bioprospecting Pros and Cons

Discovery of several life-saving drugs including anti-neoplastic drugs in recent past has renewed the interest of pharmaceutical industries in Bioprospecting and imbalance in ecosystem due to excessive exploitation of material resources is always a possibility. While a focus on colonization has faded from the agendas of most countries, economic globalization has taken its place, largely fueled by the capitalist international trade system. Countries, and more recently corporations, now expand into the global market by establishing themselves as economic powerhouses, often at the expense of other countries or peoples.

Related Journals Bioprospecting Pros and Cons
Geography & Natural Disasters, Bioremediation & Biodegradation, Remote Sensing & GIS, Astrobiology & Outreach, Global Environmental Change, Nature Biotechnology, Biological Conservation, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Environmental & Resource Economics, Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology.

Bioprospecting and Biodiversity

Bioprospecting is the method of discovering and developing recent merchandise of chemical compounds, genes, micro-organisms, macro-organisms supported by biological resources whereas Biodiversity is the presence of different kinds of species in an ecosystem. The need to protect biodiversity and to promote fairness in the use of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge has engendered one of the most contentious debates of the 21st century between developed and developing countries. This debate has fundamental implications for the way in which basic and applied research on genetic resources and biodiversity is conducted and its results are made available between and within peoples and societies.

Related Journals Bioprospecting and Biodiversity
International Journal of Evolution,Climatology & Weather Forecasting, Biodiversity Management & Forestry, Bioremediation & Biodegradation, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Environment and Development Economics, Economic Botany, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, International Journal of Biotechnology, International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development, Journal of The Indian Society of Remote Sensing.

Biodiversity and Ecology

Biodiversity is the divergency of species present in different eco-systems. It is also expressed as the exposure of the endangered or extinctive statistics of the variety of number of species existing in various eco-systems. In the atmosphere, gases such as water vapour, carbon dioxide, ozone, and methane act like the glass roof of a greenhouse by trapping heat and warming the planet. These gases are called greenhouse gases. The natural levels of these gases are being supplemented by emissions resulting from human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels, farming activities and land-use changes. As a result, the Earth’s surface and lower atmosphere are warming, and this rise in temperature is accompanied by many other changes.

Related Journals Biodiversity and Ecology
Climatology & Weather Forecasting, Earth Science & Climatic Change, Ecosystem & Ecography, Expert Opinion On Environmental Biology, Nature, Conservation Biology, Ecology Letters, Ecological Monographs, The Environmentalist, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Journal of Applied Ecology, Biological Conservation, Australian Systematic Botany, River Research and Applications, Applied Soil Ecology, Oceologia, Annals of Botany, Global Ecology and Biogeography.

Wildlife Management

Wildlife Management is the pursuit of superintended management of the variety wildlife existing in the eco-system in various aspects such as habitat, food, conservation, genetic and physical mapping as well as evolution. Expanding human demands on land, sea and fresh water, along with the impacts of climate change, have made the conservation and management of wild areas and wild animals a top priority. But there are many different reasons for thinking that such conservation is important, and these reasons can shape conservation policies in different ways. Exploring some of the different  values that can direct conservation policy and explain how they can create ethical dilemmas and disagreements. Wild animals have always been a critical resource for human beings.

Related Journals Wildlife Management
Entomology, Ornithology & Herpetology: Current Research, Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications, Biodiversity & Endangered Species, Geology & Geophysics, The Journal of Wildlife Management, World Development, Molecular Ecology, Society & Natural Resources, Canadian Journal of Zoology, Biological Reviews, International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, Human Dimensions of Wildlife, International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior.

Wildlife Diversity

Wildlife Diversity is the distinctive study related to various types of species existing in the eco-system. It includes various aspects such as Genetic variation, Global diversity, Ecosystem diversity, maintaining genetically diverse and healthy livestock in fields like farm animal diversity.

Related Journals Wildlife Diversity
Remote Sensing & GIS, International Journal of Evolution, Journal of Industrial Pollution Control, Oceanography: Open Access, Forest Ecology and Management, Biodiversity and Conservation, Wetlands, Landscape Ecology, Environmental Management, Human Dimensions of Wildlife, Environmental & Resource Economics, Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science.

Wildlife and Pollution

Pollution is the major issue affecting various kinds of life existing in the eco-systems through several aspects, wildlife, Pollution and Biodiversity are all inter-linked aspects, the climatic changes in the environment play a key role in the extinction of various endangered species. Pollution is among the most insidious threats to nature, it can be as revolting and obvious as an open dump, or as invisible as the chemicals sprayed on our crops and lawns. But whether the effect is long-term or immediate, the result is the same. Pollution alters the fragile balance of ecosystems and brings death to many animal populations.

Related Journals Wildlife and Pollution
Pollution Effects & Control, Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications, International Journal of Waste Resources, Current World Environment, International Journal of Global Science Research, Environment and Pollution, Atmospheric Pollution Research, Octa Journal of Environmental Research, Wildlife Biology in Practice, International Journal of Scientific Research in Environmental Sciences, Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Journal of Environmentally Friendly Processes.

Biodiversity Hotspots

Biodiversity Hotspots are Geographic areas that contain high levels of diversified species, but are threatened with extinction. There are currently 34 biodiversity hotspots in the world. Biodiversity hotspots are due to poor maintainence and conservation, Preservation, alimentation, resources and mutual sustained maintainence. To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable. It must have 30% or less of its original natural vegetation. In other words, it must be threatened.

Related Journals Biodiversity Hotspots
Geography & Natural Disasters, Biodiversity Management & Forestry, Oceanography: Open Access, Astrobiology & Outreach, International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystems Services & Management, Biodiversitas, Biodiversity : Research and Conservation, Biodiversity Journal, Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, Annali di Botanica, American Naturalist, Conservation Biology, Global Change Biology, Journal of Biodiversity and Ecological Sciences, Mediterranean Marine Science, Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences.

Importance of Biodiversity

Biodiversity, Ecosystems and their species perform important biological services, for example, green plants remove carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the atmosphere, which helps keep the environment healthy and fit for human life. Although we still have much to learn about the often complex function of ecosystems, and about which species perform critical roles, we know that if an ecosystem is altered in any way, it might not be able to perform some of its important services. Economic arguments also provide compelling reasons for conserving species. Different species of plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms provide us with food, medicines, fuel, building materials, fibre for clothing and industrial products.

Related Journals Importance of biodiversity
Biodiversity & Endangered Species, Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development, Marine Biology & Oceanography, International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Biodiversity : Research and Conservation, Journal of Pure and Applied Science and Technology, Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment, BIOTECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Advance Research in Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology.

Biodiversity Loss

The main cause of the Loss of Biodiversity can be attributed to the influence of human beings on the world's ecosystem Fishing and Hunting, Changing the Biogeochemical cycles Fish Stocks are Dwindling. Forest loss is resulting in the loss of Raw Materials, Land use change, Climate Change, Invasive Species, Overexploitation and Pollution. There is growing concern about the health consequences of biodiversity loss and change. Biodiversity changes affect ecosystem functioning and significant disruptions of ecosystems can result in life sustaining ecosystem goods and services.

Related Journals to Biodiversity Loss
Oil & Gas Research, Plant Physiology & Pathology, Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications, International Journal of Evolution, Conservation Biology, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Global Change Biology, Current Biology, Contemporary Economic Policy, Journal of Theoretical Biology, European Journal of Wildlife Research, Global Environmental Changes

Benefits of Biodiversity

Maintaining Biodiversity has an obvious benefit, Robust Biodiversity has led to the development of Drugs that come from Plants or Microbes, half of all drugs on the market in the United States are derived from plants, animals or Microbial Organisms. The more plants, animals and microbes that exist, the better the chances of finding treatments for a wide range of diseases and conditions. It also has various benefits in the agricultural, business and industrial sectors. It has seen a progress in the Forest, Coral reef, Pharmaceutical and the field of human health. Biodiversity is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem or on Earth more generally.

Related Journals Benefits of Biodiversity
Biodiscovery, Ecosystem & Ecography, Climatology & Weather Forecasting, Earth Science & Climatic Change, Biological Conservation, Bioscience, Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences, Environmental & Resource Economics, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy, International Journal of Global Environmental Issues.

Genetic Biodiversity

Genetic Biodiversity refers to the variety of genetic characteristics involved in the genetic makeup of a species, it is the diversity within the species which acts as the major reason for the distinguishing characteristic expressed by each individual. All forms of life on earth, whether microbes, plants, animals or human beings contain genes. Genetic diversity is the sum of genetic information contained in the genes of individual plants, animals and micro-organisms. Each species is the storehouse of an immense amount of genetic information in the form of traits, characteristics, etc. The number of genes ranges from about 1,000 in bacteria to more than 4,00,000 in many flowering plants.

Related Journals Genetic Biodiversity
Cell & Developmental Biology, Advancements in Genetic Engineering, Genetic Disorders & Genetic Reports, Hereditary Genetics: Current Research, Cell Biology: Research & Therapy, Cloning & Transgenesis, Gene Technology, Molecular Cloning & Genetic Recombination, International Journal of Evolution, Animal Genetics, Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Genetics, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Bioscience, Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, Fungal Genetics and Biology, Developing World Bioethics, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Journal of Natural Fibers.

Journal of Biiodiversity, Bioprosperity and Development is associated with our international conference 5th Biodiversity Conference, on March 10-12, 2016 which is going to be held at Madrid, Spain with the support of international representatives and editorial members

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