California State University
Ernestine Hunter Cuellar
University of Texas Medical Branch
International Islamic University Malaysia
Tokyo Womens Medical University
Impact Factor: 1.6*
Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness and the care of ill, disabled and dying people.
Nursing is an peer-reviewed journal for the rapid publication of innovative research covering all aspects of Nursing and Healthcare. Nursing Journal with highest impact factor offers Open Access option to meet the needs of authors and maximize article visibility.
The scope of topics covered in the journal includes:
Community Health Nursing, Public Health Nursing, Critical Care Nursing, Perioperative Nursing, Oncology Nursing, Midwifery, Psychiatric Nursing, Pediatric Nursing, Geriatric Nursing, Holistic Nursing, Transcultural Nursing, Forensic Nursing, Emergency Nursing, School Nursing, Hospice and Palliative Care Nursing, Military Nursing, Orthopedic Nursing, Rehabilitation Nursing, Advanced Practice Nursing, Neuroscience Nursing, Occupational Health Nursing, Cardiovascular Nursing, Obstetric Nursing, Family Nursing, Maternal-Child Nursing, Nephrology Nursing, Rural Nursing.
Journal of Nursing & Care (JNC) is an Open Access, Peer-reviewed, bi-monthly journal that includes a wide range of fields in these areas and creates a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal. The editorial office promises to peer review the submitted manuscripts to ensure quality.
Journal of Nursing & Care is one of the best open access scientific journals that aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on discoveries and current developments and high impact nursing researches in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in this field and provide online access to the researchers worldwide without any restrictions or subscriptions.
OMICS International Organises 1000+ Conferences Every Year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 700+ Open access journals which contains over 10 million readers, 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Journal of Nursing and Care is supporting 4th International Conference on Nursing & Healthcare which is going to be held during October 05-07, 2015 at San Francisco, USA with the respective theme “Exploring the Possibilities towards Better Healthcare”
Nursing theory is defined as ‘a creative and rigorous structuring of ideas that project a tentative, purposeful, and systematic view of phenomena. It is an organized framework of concept and purpose designed to guide the practice of nursing. Nursing theories are used to describe, develop, disseminate, and use present knowledge in nursing. Nursing theories include Grand nursing theories- Grand nursing theories have the broadest scope and present general concepts and propositions. Theories at this level may both reflect and provide insights useful for practice but are not designed for empirical testing. Mid-range nursing theories - Middle-range nursing theories are narrower in scope than grand nursing theories and offer an effective bridge between grand nursing theories and nursing practice. They present concepts and propositions at a lower level of abstraction and hold great promise for increasing theory-based research and nursing practice strategies. Nursing practice theories - Nursing practice theories have the most limited scope and level of abstraction and are developed for use within a specific range of nursing situations. Nursing practice theories provide frameworks for nursing interventions, and predict outcomes and the impact of nursing practice.
Standards may be defined as "Benchmark of achievement which is based on a desired level of excellence. All standards of practice provide a guide to the knowledge, skills, judgment & attitudes that are needed to practice safely. They reflect a desired and achievable level of performance against which actual performance can be compared. Their main purpose is to promote, guide and direct professional nursing practice. Standards of nursing practice include Assessment, Diagnosis, Outcomes Identification, Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation. Standards of Professional Performance include activities related to Nursing Ethics, Nursing Education, Evidence-based Practice and Research, Quality of Practice, Communication, Leadership etc…
Emergency nursing is the specialty that encompasses caring for patients of all age groups and conditions, from delivering babies and resuscitating trauma arrests to administering medication. Emergency Nurses treat patients in emergency situations where they’re experiencing trauma or injury. These nurses quickly recognize life-threatening problems and are trained to help solve them on the spot. They can work in hospital emergency rooms, ambulances, helicopters, urgent care centers, sports arenas, and more. To provide quality patient care for people of all ages, emergency nurses must possess both general and specific knowledge about health care to provide quality patient care for people of all ages. Emergency nurses must be ready to treat a wide variety of illnesses or injury situations, ranging from a sore throat to a heart attack. Many emergency nurses acquire additional certifications in the areas of trauma nursing, pediatric nursing, nurse practitioner, and various areas of injury prevention.
Nurse practitioners are advanced practice registered nurses (APRN) who are educated and trained to provide health promotion and maintenance through the diagnosis and treatment of acute illness and chronic condition. According to the International Council of Nurses, an nurse practitioner/advanced practice registered nurse is "a registered nurse who has acquired the knowledge base, decision-making skills, and clinical competencies for expanded practice beyond that of an registered nurse, the characteristics of which would be determined by the context in which he or she is credentialed to practice. Nurse practitioners manage acute and chronic medical conditions, both physical and mental, through history and physical exam and the ordering of diagnostic tests and medical treatments. NPs are qualified to diagnose medical problems, order treatments, perform advanced procedures, prescribe medications, and make referrals for a wide range of acute and chronic medical conditions within their scope of practice.
Travel nursing is a nursing assignment concept that developed in response to the nursing shortage. This industry supplies nurses who travel to work in temporary nursing positions, mostly in hospitals. While travel nursing traditionally refers specifically to the nursing profession, it can also be used as a blanket term to refer to a variety of travel healthcare positions, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, and even doctors and dentists. The usual requirements for becoming a travel nurse are a minimum of 1.5 years of clinical experience with 1 year being preferred in one's specialty and licensure in the state of employment, often granted through reciprocity with the home state's board of nursing. Some travel agencies will reimburse travelers for the cost of the license or other required certifications. A travel nurse may receive a minimal orientation to the new hospital (and rarely no orientation at all). Travel nurses are expected to be very experienced and knowledgeable in the given specialty.
Veterinary nursing is the supportive care of animals receiving treatment within a veterinary practice. A veterinary nurse works as a member of the veterinary team, providing expert nursing care for sick animals. Veterinary nurses also play a significant role in educating owners on maintaining the health of their pets. They carry out technical work and are skilled in undertaking a range of diagnostic tests, medical treatments and minor surgical procedures, under veterinary direction. Veterinary nurses help veterinary surgeons (vets) by providing nursing care for sick, injured and hospitalised animals. They also play an important role in educating owners on good standards of animal care and welfare. A veterinary nurse needs to be calm and confident when handling animals.
Nursing ethics is a branch of applied ethics that concerns itself with activities in the field of nursing. Nursing ethics shares many principles with medical ethics, such as beneficence, non-maleficence and respect for autonomy. It can be distinguished by its emphasis on relationships, human dignity and collaborative care. The nature of nursing means that nursing ethics tends to examine the ethics of caring rather than 'curing' by exploring the everyday interaction between the nurse and the person in care. Nursing ethics emphasizes the ethics of everyday practice rather than moral dilemmas. Nursing ethics is more concerned with developing the caring relationship than broader principles, such as beneficence and justice. Nurses are responsible for their clinical function, and their main responsibility is to take care of the clients and patients who deserve appropriate and safe care.
Nurses perform numerous tasks, from providing fundamental healthcare to assisting surgeons with advanced and critical procedures. Nurse education consists in the theoretical and practical training provided to nurses with the purpose to prepare them for their duties as nursing care professionals. This education is provided to nursing students by experienced nurses and other medical professionals who have qualified or experienced for educational tasks. During past decades, the changes in education have replaced the more practically focused, but often ritualistic, training structure of conventional preparation. Nurse education integrates today a broader awareness of other disciplines allied to medicine, often involving inter-professional education, and the utilization of research when making clinical and managerial decisions. Orthodox training can be argued to have offered a more intense practical skills base, but emphasized the handmaiden relationship with the physician. This is now outmoded, and the impact of nurse education is to develop a confident, inquiring graduate who contributes to the care team as an equal. In some countries, not all qualification courses have graduate status
It is defined as the synthesis of nursing and public health practice applied to promoting and protecting the health of population. It is a specialized field of nursing that focuses on the health needs of communities, aggregates, and in particular vulnerable populations. It is a practice that is continuous and comprehensive directed towards all groups of community members. It combines all the basic elements of professional, clinical nursing with public health and community practice. It synthesizes the body of knowledge from public health science and professional nursing theories to improve the health of communities. The community health nurse conducts a continuing and comprehensive practice that is preventive, curative, and rehabilitative. The philosophy of care is based on the belief that care directed to the individual, the family, and the group contributes to the health care of the population as a whole.
Public health nursing is a nursing specialty focused on public health. Public Health Nurses (PHN's) "integrate community involvement and knowledge about the entire population with personal, clinical understandings of the health and illness experiences of individuals and families within the population. Public Health Nurses put together plans that alleviate or eliminate health or safety issues in a community, issues like immunizations, STDs, and obesity. They monitor health trends and identify health risk factors unique to specific communities, Set local priorities for health-related interventions to provide the greatest benefit to the most people, Advocate with local, state and federal authorities to improve access to health services for underserved communities, Tell people about locally available health care programs and services to improve access to care, Educate and provide direct health care services to vulnerable and at-risk populations etc..
Critical care nursing is that specialty within nursing that deals specifically with human responses to life-threatening problems. A critical care nurse is a licensed professional nurse who is responsible for ensuring that acutely and critically ill patients and their families receive optimal care. It focus on the utmost care of the critically ill or unstable patients. Critical care nurses can be found working in a wide variety of environments and specialties, such as general intensive care units, medical intensive care units, surgical intensive care units, trauma intensive care units, coronary care units, cardiothoracic intensive care units, and some trauma center emergency departments. Critical Care Nurses are also known as ICU nurses. They treat patients who are chronically ill or at risk for deadly illnesses. ICU nurse apply their specialized knowledge base to care for and maintain the life support of critically ill patients who are often on the verge of death.
Perioperative nursing includes those activities performed by the professional registered nurse in the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative phases of surgery. Perioperative nurses are registered nurses (RNs) who work in hospital surgical departments, day-surgery units (also called ambulatory surgery), clinics and physicians' offices. Perioperative nurses provide care for patients in the period prior to and right after surgery or intervention procedures. Perioperative nursing encompasses a variety of specialty roles including holding bay, circulating, anaesthetic, Instrument or scrub nurse, and recovery room. Other roles include patient evaluation and education and surgeon’s assistant. Perioperative nurses typically have Basic Life Support and Advanced Cardiac Life Support certification.
Oncology nurses practice in a variety of settings including acute care hospitals, ambulatory care clinics, private oncologists' offices, radiation therapy facilities, home healthcare agencies, and community agencies. They practice in association with a number of oncologic disciplines, including surgical oncology, radiation oncology, gynecologic oncology, pediatric oncology, and medical oncology. The practice of oncology nursing encompasses the roles of direct caregiver, educator, consultant, administrator, and researcher. Oncology nursing extends to all care delivery settings where clients experiencing or at risk for developing cancer receive health care, education, and counseling for cancer prevention, screening and detection. The oncology nurse functions as a coordinator of care, collaborating with other cancer care providers and team members to provide required care as effectively as possible. In their work as administrators and managers, oncology nurses create environments conducive to the optimum health of the public and to professional nursing practice.
Pediatric nursing is the science of child care and scientific treatment of childhood. This branch of medical science deals with the care of children from conception to adolescence in health care. A pediatric nurse is a nursing professional that primarily works in the field of pediatrics. Pediatric nurses often work in a team of pediatric healthcare professionals. This includes pediatricians, pediatric specialists, and other pediatric nurses. They may assist pediatricians or work alongside them, providing their own care. Many pediatric nurses also responsible for administering vaccinations and immunizations, and keeping their patients’ vaccination schedules up to date. Pediatric nurses are very knowledgeable about growth and development as they adapt their interactions and care to the individual child’s developmental level. In addition, they acknowledge the expertise of the family and collaborate with them to provide care for the child.
Midwifery encompasses care of women during pregnancy, labour, and the postpartum period, as well as care of the newborn. The midwife is the professional in obstetrics. They are educated and trained to recognize the variations of normal progress of labor and deal with deviations from normal to discern and intervene in high risk situations. Midwives refer women to specialists such as obstetricians or perinatologists in complications related to pregnancy and birth when a pregnant woman requires care beyond the midwives' scope of practice. In many parts of the world, these professions work in tandem to provide care to childbearing women. In others, only the midwife is available to provide care. Midwives are trained to handle certain more difficult deliveries, including breech births, twin births and births where the baby is in a posterior position, using non-invasive techniques.
Psychiatric nursing or mental health nursing is the specialty of nursing that cares for people of all ages with mental illness or mental distress, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, psychosis, depression or dementia. Nurses in this area receive more training in psychological therapies, building a therapeutic alliance, dealing with challenging behavior, and the administration of psychiatric medication. The most important duty of a psychiatric nurse is to maintain a positive therapeutic relationship with patients in a clinical setting. The fundamental elements of mental health care revolve around the interpersonal relations and interactions established between professionals and clients. Caring for people with mental illnesses demands an intensified presence and strong a desire to be supportive. Understanding and empathy from psychiatric nurses reinforces a positive psychological balance for patients. Conveying an understanding is important because it provides patients with a sense of importance.
Geriatric Nursing is the specialty of nursing pertaining to older adults. They work in collaboration with older adults, their families, and communities to support healthy aging, maximum functioning, and quality of life. Geriatric Nurses help elderly patients. These older adults are at greater risk of injuries and diseases like osteoporosis, Alzheimer's and cancer, which is why Geriatric Nurses focus on preventative care. They also help patients, and their families, cope with certain medical conditions that develop later in life. Geriatric nurses work in a variety of settings, including acute care hospitals, rehabilitation, nursing homes, assisted living facilities, retirement homes, community health agencies, and the patient's home. Geriatric nursing includes generalist and specialist practice.
Orthopaedic nursing is a nursing specialty focused on the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Orthopaedic issues range from acute problems such as fractures or hospitalization for joint replacement to chronic systemic disorders such as loss of bone density or lupus erythematosus. An Orthopaedic Nurse takes care of people with musculoskeletal diseases and disorders like arthritis, fractures, broken bones, joint replacements, genetic malformations and osteoporosis. When musculoskeletal problems require surgery, Orthopedic Nurses assist doctors with the operation and help them later with recovering their mobility and strength. Education is also an important aspect of an Orthopedic Nurse's job, as they teach patients and families about musculoskeletal disease prevention, symptoms, and treatments.
Family nursing is "The practical science of preventative and remedial support to the family in order to help the family system unit independently and autonomously maintain and improve its family functions. Family nursing is directed to improving the potential health of a family or any of its members by assessing individual and family health needsand strengths, by identifying problems influencing the health care of the family as a whole and those influencing the individual members,by using family resources, by teaching and counseling, and by evaluating progress toward stated goals.
Obstetrical nursing, also called perinatal nursing, is a nursing specialty that works with patients who are attempting to become pregnant, are currently pregnant, or are recently delivered. Obstetrical nurses help provide prenatal care and testing, care of patients experiencing pregnancy complications, care during labor and delivery, and care of patients following delivery. Obstetrical nurses work closely with obstetricians, midwives, and nurse practitioners. They also provide supervision of patient care technicians and surgical technologists. Obstetric nurses are also present in hospital maternity wards and birthing centers. They will typically provide the majority of the care during the initial stages of labor. During this particularly stressful – not to mention uncomfortable – time for the mothers, obstetric nurses will help keep mothers as comfortable as possible and find ways to manage their pain. They will also continually monitor expecting mothers and fetuses for signs of impending delivery
*Unofficial 2014 Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2012 and 2013 with the number of times they are cited in 2014 based on Google search and the Scholar Citation Index database. If ‘X’ is the total number of articles published in 2012 and 2013, and ‘Y’ is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2014 than, impact factor = Y/X