OMICS International OMICS International is a scientific organization that drives the progress of research through open access journals and organizes international conferences, The best in science news, commentary, and research. Bioenergetics: Open Access Volume 5, Issue 2 A Simple Kinetic Model to Estimate Ascorbyl Radical Steady State Concentration in Rat Central Nervous System Effect of Subchronic Fe Overload Natacha E Piloni and Susana Puntarulo Carnitine in the Skeletal Muscle Beyond Fatty Acid Metabolism Yasuro Furuichi and Nobuharu L Fujii A True Symbiosis for the Mitochondria Evolution Alessandro Morelli and Camillo Rosano Cyanobacteria Synthesize their own UVSunscreens for Photoprotection Rajesh Prasad Rastogi and Datta Madamwar Diffused Lepromatous Leprosy and its Management Partha Sarathi Mohanty, Preeti Singh, Avi Kumar Bansal and Umesh Datta Gupta Growing Popularity of Ultrasensitive Microcalorimetry Eva Judy and Nand Kishore The Emergence of Bioenergetics The Formation of a Gluconeogenesis System and Reductive Pentose Phosphate Pathway of CO2 Fixation in Ancient Hydrothermal Systems Sergey A Marakushev and Olrsquoga V Belonogova Outlook on the Potential of Cyanobacteria to Photosynthetically Produce HighValue Chemicals and Biofuels at an Industrial Scale Tylor J Johnson, Ruanbao Zhou, Jeremiah G Johnson, Liping Gu and William R Gibbons Bioenergetics Aging Clock Trubitsyn AG Ca2 signaling and Target Binding Regulations Calmodulin and Centrin In Vitroand In Vivo Juan MartinezSanz, Dora Grecu and Liliane Assairi